Cause of Type 1 Diabetes in Kids and How to Treat It

What is type 1 diabetes in kids?

The type 1 diabetes (T1D) in kid is the condition in which your child body no longer to produce important hormone like insulin. Your kid is required insulin to survive. Type 1 diabetes in children is known as insulin dependent diabetes. In a simple term, diabetes is the disease which affects how body is using glucose. Two types of the diabetes are available like type 1 and type 2. Both types of diabetes can make blood sugar level higher when compared to normal but it might do in different ways. In T1D, pancreas may lose its ability for making insulin because human body immune system destroy and attack cells which produce insulin.

Causes and  symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children

The most common symptoms of the type 1 diabetes among adolescents and kid includes


  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Hunger
  • Increased urination and thirst
  • Fruity smell on breath


Sometimes your kids are experiencing increase in the blurred vision and hunger. Children with the delayed diagnosis of the T1D will develop DKA (Diabetic Ketoacidosis). As everyone knows DKA is considered as leading cause of the mortality in kid with type 1 diabetes. According to the studies says that type 1 and type 2 diabetes is both increasing among kids in United States. Different conditions are available for diabetes but problem with use of the insulin is major factor. Suppose your kid is constantly tired then it might be early sign that your kid is having trouble in turning sugar in bloodstream into energy. In case your kid breath smells fruity then it might be result of the excess sugar in blood. If you are willing to avoid lower risk of the diabetes then you must follow some tips such as maintain healthy weight, eat smaller portions of the healthy foods, limit time with computer, video, television and make sure that they are physically active.

How to treat type 1 diabetes in kids

There are some test options are available to treat type 1 diabetes in children. Random blood sugar test is primary screening test and blood sample could be taken at random time. Three kinds of the test options are available to know about diabetes symptoms such as glycated hemoglobin test, random blood sugar test and fasting blood sugar test. Sometimes your doctor might recommend additional test in order confirm type of the diabetes. Blood test is really useful to check antibodies which are common in T1D. Your health professional might periodically use urine and blood test to check your kid thyroid function, kidney function and cholesterol levels. Treatment for the type 1 diabetes is lifelong and it includes


  • Insulin therapy
  • Regular exercise
  • Healthy eating
  • Blood sugar monitoring


You must to check and record your kid blood sugar level at least three times in day and it is required frequent finger sticks. Certain kinds of the blood sugar glucose meter might allow to test at site rather than fingertips. Frequent testing is one of the best ways to make sure that your kid blood sugar level remains within your kid target range. Continuous glucose monitoring is unique ways to monitor blood glucose levels. It is really useful to people who might not experience usual warning symptoms of the hypoglycemia.

Insulin medications for T1D in kids

Different kinds of the insulin are availfable like short acting insulin, rapid acting insulin, long acting insulin and intermediate acting insulin. Based on your kid needs and age, your health professional might prescribe mixture of the insulin types for using throughout day and night. Certain options are available for insulin delivery such as insulin pen, insulin pump, fine needle and syringe. In a modern world everyone is required regular aerobic exercise and kid who is having type one diabetes must do some exercise. You must encourage your kid to get routine physical activity and if possible you can do exercise with your kid. If you are looking to know about detailed information about type 1 diabetes then you can visit momblogsociety. Early symptoms and signs of the low blood sugar might include shakiness, hunger, sweating, pale complexion and nervousness so you consult with your doctor to treat T1D.

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